【英文学术论文】A Study of the Dialogues in Sherlock from the Perspective of Speech Act Theory

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内容摘要

自言语行为理论诞生以来,人们对言语的认识发生了根本性的变化,从传统的对语言系统和逻辑的研究逐渐转为探究言语行为对人们日常交际的影响。人物对白是经过艺术加工的言语形式,更具口语化特征,而在言语行为理论的支持下,我们可以透过简单的言语形式看到其背后所构成的行为,以更好的理解话语双方的潜层意图,从而解决交际冲突。

本论文以奥斯汀言语行为理论以及塞尔的言语行为理论为理论框架,对著名英剧《神探夏洛克》中主要人物的典型对白作实例分析,探究该英文电影中的言语行为现象,并借此来探究言语行为对交际的影响。从而得出言语行为理论能够帮助我们准确地理解人物对白,以更好地解决日常交际冲突。

本论文包含五个部分。第一部分对论文进行了简要的介绍,包括研究背景、研究意义和要探究的问题。第二部分是文献综述,回顾了前人对对白的研究和言语行为理论的理论成果。第三部分对本论文在探究过程中所使用的方法论进行了说明。第四部分是本论文的主体部分,借助言语行为理论对《神探夏洛克》中的人物对白进行了分析。最后一部分是总结,将回答论文所探究的问题,获得新的发现,并指出该研究的不足之处并对未来做进一步的研究提出一些建议。

关键词交际;对白;言语行为理论

Abstract

Since the emergence of SAT (speech act theory), fundamental changes have taken place in understanding speech act. People are inclined to study the influence of speech act on our daily communications instead of studying words logically and systematically. Dialogue is a speech form which is embellished by art with its colloquial characteristics. However, by means of speech act theory, we can see the underlying acts behind the speech which are formed by simple words. Therefore, the underlying meaning from both sides can be realized to solve the conflict in daily communications.

This thesis focuses on studying the typical dialogues in the famous English movie Sherlock from the perspective of Austin’s SAT and Searle’s SAT to study the speech acts in this movie, attempting to exemplify the influence of SAT on communication, which reveals that SAT can help us to precisely comprehend dialogues to avoid communication conflicts.

This thesis consists of five parts. The first part is introduction which is a brief overview of this thesis including the background, significance and research questions. The second part is literature review which includes the previous studies on dialogue and the achievements on SAT. The third part is the theoretical framework for the study. The fourth part is the body of this thesis incorporating the actual process of analyzing the dialogues selected from Sherlock by using SAT. At last, research questions will be answered and new findings will be discovered. The limitations of this study will be pointed out and some suggestions will be put forward for the future study.

Key words: communication; dialogues; SAT;

 Contents

Acknowledgements i

Abstract(English) ii

Abstract(Chinese) iii

1.Introduction 1

2.Literature review 1

2.1 Austin’s speech act theory 2

2.2 Searle’s speech act theory 4

2.3 Previous studies on dialogues 4

3.Methodology 5

4.Findings and discussion 5

4.1 Dialogue analysis from Austin’s speech act theory 6

4.1.1 Analysis of locutionary acts in Sherlock 6

4.1.2 Analysis of illocutionary acts in Sherlock 6

4.1.3 Analysis of perlocutionary acts in Sherlock 7

4.2 Dialogue analysis from Searle’s speech act theory 9

4.2.1 Allusion 9

4.2.2 Irony 10

4.2.3 Refusal 11

5.Conclusion 11

Works Cited 13

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 Works Cited

Austin, J. L. How to Do Things with Words. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002.

George Yule.Pragmatics.Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2000.

Gu Yueguo. The Impasse of Perlocution. Journal of Pragmatics. 1993, 20: 405-432.

Lyons, John. Linguistic Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Searle, J. R. Expression and Meaning: Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Searle, J. R. Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Sun Li, and Wu Xiaomei. Meaning and the Theory of Speech Acts. China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House, 2008.

Wan Jingjing. A New Approach to Speech Acts--The Interactive Nature of Communication with Emphasis on Perlocution. China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House, 2008.

胡壮麟. 语言学教程( 第四版英文本). 北京: 北京大学出版社, 2011.

何兆熊. 新编语用学概要. 上海: 上海外语教育出版社, 2000.

何自然, 陈新仁. 当代语用学. 北京: 外语教学与研究出版社, 2004.

米歇尔·福柯. 规训与惩罚. 刘北成,杨远婴,译. 北京:三联书店,1997.

王勣. 言语行为理论视阙下的人物对话翻译. 湖北师范学院学报, 2010.

乔慧. 《一个干净明亮的地方》对话中的人物言语行为分析. 宁波教育学院学报, 2013.

梁艺欣. 电影《怪兽大学》中的言语行为. 郑州航空工业管理学院学报, 2014.

(本文有论文作者独家授权发布,未经许可请勿转载使用)

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