《漫话十九大》Episode3: How does China’s political system work?
China has a unique multi-party cooperation system. The country is led by the CPC, which cooperates with eight other parties to discuss and manage state affairs.
The Chinese system differs both from the pluralist party systems common in the West, and one-party systems in use elsewhere. In short, it’s a political system with Chinese characteristics.
What does this mean in practice?
First, the CPC consults the other eight political parties on major principles, policies and issues, and they supervise each other.
Second, members of the eight parties hold posts in central and local governments, as well as judicial organs.
Third, governments at various levels cooperate with the eight parties, allowing them to participate in and deliberate on administrative affairs.
Fourth, the eight parties participate in consultation on major state issues through the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a political advisory body under the leadership of the CPC.
What are the benefits of the system?
China’s political system encourages parties, organizations, and representatives from various circles of Chinese society to discuss basic policy as well as important political, economic, cultural and social issues.
The National Committee of the CPPCC typically meets once every year in Beijing as part of the Two Sessions, which also features the annual gathering of the National People’s Congress.
Every year, the CPPCC receives thousands of policy proposals from members. Last year, among the 5,769 suggestions, 4,279 were put on record and 42 marked as key proposals.
This, along with people's congresses, regional ethnic autonomy, and self-governance at the village level, constitutes the fundamental framework of China's political system and is the embodiment of the nation’s socialist democracy.