【听力】英语专业四级听写120篇,第33期:词典 Dictionary

      PART I    DICTATION [15 MIN ]

      Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

      Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Now, listen to the passage.

      Dictionary

      A dictionary is a reference book that focuses on defining words and phrases, including multiple meanings. The most frequently used dictionary is a language dictionary that includes the majority of frequently used words in a language. Language dictionaries are made for different types of users: scholars, office workers, schools, and second language learners. There are many competing dictionaries put out by different companies. Not only do they have different forms-paperback, hardback, and online editions-but they differ in other ways. Each company, for example, uses its own version of phonetic respelling based on the research done by its experts. Other differences between dictionaries show up in other features. Many dictionaries include their experts' guidance on grammar, usage, and the history of the language. Definitions differ slightly, and sample sentences may be the work of the editorial staff or taken from real-world usage, perhaps the first known written use.

      词 典

      词典是一种参考书,主要给词和词组下定义,并包括多种含义。最常见的词典是包含一门语言中大部分常用词的语言类词典,这类字典针对不同的读者而编写:学者,办公室人员,学校,二语学习者。很多由不同公司出版的词典很具有竞争力,它们不仅装订形式不一,有平装本,精装本以及在线版本,在很多方面也有不同。例如,每家公司都使用由自己的专家研发的语音重拼法。词典的不同还体现在其他特色上。很多词典含有其专家对语法,用法,语言史的指导意见。定义的区别不大,例句可能是编辑人员编写的,又或者取自真实生活,很有可能是最早已知的书面用法。

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