【听力】英语专业四级听写120篇,第22期:美国的教育体系 American Education System

口语部 · 专业英语 ·

      PART I    DICTATION [15 MIN ]

      Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

      Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Now, listen to the passage.

      American Education System

      The education system in the United States is controlled by state and local governments. But ducation laws are similar in each state. For example, in all 50 states and 6 territories, all children must attend school from the age of 6 or 7 to the age of 16. Public schools are free of charge for grades 1 through 12. Private schools also operate in all states and territories. Some private schools are operated by churches and religious groups. Other private schools are not linked to any religious organization. Private schools must be approved by the state in which they operate. Most private schools do not receive government money. The parents of private school students pay the school. The school year usually begins in September and continues until June. Most states require a school year of 180 days. Some schools have changed this schedule and require students to attend school throughout the year.

      美国的教育体系

      美国教育系统由州政府和当地政府管理,但是每个州的教育法相差不大。例如,在全部50个州和6个地区中,所有的孩子从6,7岁至16岁必须上学,公立学校从1年级至12年级免费。所有的州和地区都开办私立学校。有些私立学校由教堂和宗教团体经营,有些私立学校则跟宗教团体毫无瓜葛。私立学校必须通过其所在地的州政府的批准才可开办。大部分私立学校不接受政府拨款,而是由学生家长负担学费。学年通常9月份开始,持续到第二年6月。大部分州要求每学年为期180天。一些学校已经改变了这个安排,要求学生全年上学。

      (来源:网络;编辑:Hautec)

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