【听力】英语专业四级听写120篇,第17期:专利 Patent

      PART I    DICTATION [15 MIN ]

      Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

      Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Now, listen to the passage.

      Patent

      Patents are meant to protect the chances of inventors to make money from their creations. The term of a patent is up to 20 years. During that time, the inventor controls the legal right to make, use or sell the invention. After 20 years, anyone can make or sell the invention. A patent gives both inventors and investors time to develop and market a product. Patents also provide a way to share and spread  echnical information. Suppose you have an idea for an invention. How do you get a patent to protect your rights? The first step is to record your idea on paper. You must be sure no one else has invented a device just like yours. So you must examine the descriptions of similar devices that already have patents. This can be a big job and take a long time. Many inventors pay patent lawyers to do this job.

      专利

      专利权的设立是为了保障专利发明人能从自己的发明创造中赚钱。专利权的法定期限为20年,在此期间,发明者有制造,使用及销售发明的合法权利。但20年后,任何人都有制造和销售这项发明的权利。专利权授予发明者和投资者时间去研制和推销产品,也为分享和推广技术信息提供了渠道。假如你想出了一项新发明,应该怎样利用专利权来保障你的权利呢?首先,你应将你的想法记录在纸上。你必须确定没有人曾发明类似的装置,所以你必须仔细研究那些已获得专利的类似装置。而这项工作非常艰巨且十分耗时。所以很多发明家出钱请律师来完成这项工作。

      (来源:网络;编辑:Hautec)

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